The volcanic nature of the islands led to some incredible underwater formations, discoverable only by donning scuba diving gear and taking a dip in the crystalline waters. There are dozens of dive sites to explore, each with its own compilation of excellent diversity.
To the west is the mighty Krakatoa, a notoriously active volcano. The lava rocks are otherworldly, seemingly transporting you to a fantastical new dimension.
Just south is Ujung Kulon, a national park that boasts virgin beaches and pristine reefs. On these islands are the last white Javan rhinos. Underwater caverns can be discovered on the northwest point of the island.
Many scattered islands are ripe for scuba diving off the northern shore of Java, archipelagos of tiny isles. Karimunjawa is an especially nice archipelago, with lovely, protected corals and several shipwrecks.
The biodiversity is sublime on Java, as it is all throughout Indonesia. Barracuda teem around darkened corners, and turtles and rays are easily approached in the shallows. Marine parks make ideal homes for endangered and rare species, making your chance of spotting some much better. Rare crocodile fish and leafy scorpionfish can be found on small islands off northern Java.
For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode.
Most likely sightingsPossible sightings
Java is the most populous island on Earth, boasting a mind boggling population of 150 million. More than half of the inhabitants of Indonesia live here, which is astounding in a nation that is made up of over 17,000 islands and stretched over 740,000 miles (1,919,000 km).
Java is no little island, though. With an area of 49,536 square miles (128,297 square kilometers), Java gives its millions of inhabitants a little room to breathe.
Many of Indonesia’s huge cultural events throughout history have taken place on Java. Influential Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic empires reigned here over time, and even the Dutch colonists dipped their fingers in the pot.
In the 1930’s and 40’s, independence was fought for and won on the island, maintaining Java as the centerpiece of Indonesia.
Massive Jakarta could easy soak up a week of your time. This is one of the epicenters of Southeast Asia, with excellent cuisine and crazy nightlife.
A little ways out, go to Yogyakarta to see the tremendous temples and to enjoy the mountain air.
Once you fly in, public transportation is your best friend. Get around towns by taxi or bicycle. Getting from town to town is best accomplished by bus or train.