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Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in the West Africa. This country has a long and very rich history with the first inhabitants estimated to have reached the area between 14,000 and 5,000 BC. In 10th or 11th century, Mossi tribe from neighboring Ghana descended upon Burkina Faso and expelled the native Yonyonse people. They created several kingdoms in the region and ruled in some form till late 19th century. Mossi kingdoms of Wagadogo (Ouagadougou) and Yatenga were the two most prominent and survived for a long period. Even today, almost half of country’s 17 million strong population is ethnic Mossi. Burkina Faso gained self-governance in 1958 and was named Upper Volta. Complete independence was achieved in 1960. In 1983, a military coup took over the reins of the country and the new rule Thomas Sankara changed the name of the country to Burkina Faso which literally means ‘The Country of honorable people’. Sankara initiated a massive program of self reliance which endeared him to his countrymen and made him an icon of Pan-Africanism.
1987 Sankara was overthrown and assassinated, as a result of a French backed coup. Blaise Compaore, a military officer assumed the mantle of presidency. A new constitution for the country was drafted in 1991 and after elections in the following month, country moved towards democracy. Owing to limited natural resources and a high density population, Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in te world. it also has the lowest literacy rate in the world.